Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane Papers
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of the personal papers of Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane, including her correspondence, biographical materials, and diplomas. The collection also documents her political activity as one of the leading feminists of twentieth-century Argentina through her professional papers, such as records for the Asociación Pro-Derechos de la Mujeres, speeches, and essays. Also included are photographs of Dra. Sara Justo and ephemera and records relating to various feminist organizations. Materials include correspondence, financial records, clippings, speeches, essays, ephemera, and photographs.
- Creation: 1888-1954
Conditions Governing Access
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright status for collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Biographical / Historical
Born in Junín, Argentina on April 19, 1867, into a family related to the father of Argentine history, dean Gregorio Funes, Rawson de Dellepiane grew up in a tightly knit community that took care of its own, whether rich or poor. Experiencing this compassion and equality profoundly influenced her choice of careers. She became a doctor, the second woman to receive the degree in Argentina, and an activist for women's and children's rights. She entered Buenos Aires' medical school and received her diploma on the 29th of September 1892 upon the completion of her thesis "Apuntes sobre higiene de la mujer". As a hospital intern, she joined other students to care for injured soldiers in the Revolución del Parque in 1890. With her degree in hand, Rawson de Dellepiane practiced medicine and began a lifelong career promoting health as a medical inspector for both the Departamento Nacional de Higiene (1907-1918) and the Consejo Nacional de Educación (1919-1934). While in these positions, she promoted numerous projects including establishing the first school cafeteria in Argentina. Argentina guaranteed few rights for women in the early 20th Century. Recognizing that organizing was an effective approach to press for these rights, she helped to establish the Centro Feminista in 1905. The Centro later changed its name to the Centro Juana Manuela Gorriti to soften its radical image. 1910 brought the first efforts to promote the reform of the civil code to include women's rights. Rawson de Dellepiane led this movement with the support of other women's groups. The following quote from a speech she argues that women contributed the Argentina's society and answered to its laws, so they should have full rights. Her commitment to women's rights led her to found the Asociación Pro-Derechos de la Mujer in 1919 along with the Argentine writer, Alfonsina Storni, and others. The group's objectives included ridding the civil code of articles that established differences between the sexes, promoting equal pay and The Association's presence was recognized by the major Argentine political parties of the day, although few policy changes occurred due to this attention. Rawson de Dellepiane died on June 4th, 1954 at the age of 87. The mother of seven children, she might also be considered the mother of women's rights in Argentina.
1 Cubic foot
Language of Materials
This collection is arranged into five series: I. Correspondence; II. Asociación Pro-Derechos de la Mujer Records; III. Personal Papers; IV. Other Records, Documents, and Ephemera; and V. Photographs.
Collection formerly numbered as MSH/SCH 1001.
- Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane Papers
- Under Revision
- Hannah E. Sabal
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note