Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia Ephemera Collection
Identifier: MSE/REE 0040
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of political ephemera documenting the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. Materials include broadsides and posters.
Conditions Governing Access
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright status for collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Biographical / Historical
Prior to the Second World War, Czechoslovakia was a strong democracy in Central Europe, but the nation faced challenges during and after the war. In 1948, the Soviet Union took over the nation and installed a communist government in Prague. However, beginning in the 1960s, changes in leadership occurred, including the rise of Alexander Dubcek to the Head of the Communist Party. Dubcek emphasized “Socialism with a human face,” and launched a program of liberalizations, including freedom of the press, freedom of speech, and freedom of movement. This led to the first political commentary allowed in mainstream media and published criticism of the Soviet Union and its interference in Czechoslovakia. In an effort to suppress further reforms and liberalizations across the Eastern Bloc, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland, East Germany, and Hungary invaded Czechoslovakia on the night of August 20-21, 1968. Though the invasion was quick and successful, Soviet forces struggled to maintain a stable government against small-scale resistance until 1969, when Dubcek was forced from power and replaced with a conservative administrator.
.25 Cubic feet
Language of Materials
This collection is unarranged.
- Broadsides (notices) Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Communism Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Czechoslovakia -- History -- Intervention, 1968 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Dubcek, Alexander, 1921-1992
- Ephemera Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Political posters Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Posters Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Soviet Union -- History Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia Ephemera Collection
- Under Revision
- Hannah E. Sabal
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note